Born in Paris, Marcel Boucher worked as a jewelry designer for Cartier, who brought him to the United States. In the 1930s, he took a job with Mazer Bros where he worked until he founded his own company in 1937. Boucher designed unique, imaginative, jewelry, many were enameled pieces that were individual works of art, with brooches shaped like fruits, animals, and human figures. Collectors especially covet his fantasy bird pieces from the 1940s as well as the rare pieces signed with the Phrygian Cap.
In 1944, he changed the company name from Marcel Boucher Ltd. to Marcel Boucher & Cie. Early pieces may be marked “Marboux” or with his initials in a cartouche. “MB Sterling” was used between 1942 and 1944. Pieces made between 1944 and 1949 may be marked with a Phrygian cap above his initials. Later pieces are marked “Marcel Boucher” or “Boucher.” After 1955, the copyright symbol appears before his name